Need advice to connect a coaxial applicator to a magnetron
If I connect a piece of heavy copper wire or copper rod to the antenna cap of a magnetron can I guide the current so that microwaves would be emitted further away ? I tried to ask
, without much success. I'l like to know how to extend the magnetron antenna in order to deliver the microwaves from inside the food in an oven (and the usual rectangular waveguides are too big for that).
In the '80s some co-workers of mine were investigating microwave diathermy (microwave cooking, essentially) for prostate cancer, with microwave power delivered via a 2450MHz coaxial dipole antenna inserted into the rectum. The antenna was mounted non-concentrically in a PTFE outer covering; the mounting gave a directional characteristic to the antanna to concentrate the RF power, of approximately 10 watts, towards the prostate. Apparently this technique is now done transurethrally. Eww.
One of their photographs showing a Microlab-FXR double-slug tuner (tuned for maximum power transfer) protruding from the surgical drapes was quite hilarious, although probably not so amusing to the patient.
Having said that, DO NOT connect anything to the "antenna cap", which sounds like the anode connection, which has several thousand volts on it!
The RF output from a magnetron is generally a waveguide; the technology of waveguide-to-coaxial transitions is well-understood.
Of course you will need to properly shield the food being cooked so as to avoid cooking the cook as well.
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